The Community United For Health And Prevention, Incorporated is bringing dengue fever to your attention because the Mosquito Aedes is also the vector of not only dengue but also the ZIKA virus and chikungunya. Dengue fever is one of the Arbovirus infection presenting chiefly with fever, lymphadenopathy and rash. It is endemic over large areas of tropics and subtropics. Outbreaks of dengue occurred chiefly in the caribbean including Puerto Rico and the US virgin islands.In 1969, travelers returned to the US with clinical illness. Cases were also imported from Tahiti. Despite intensive surveillance, no secondary cases have been found in the continental United States.
Etiology: We have four distinct types of dengue virus, type 1,2,3,4 All of them are group B Arbovirus. In the Caribbean, type 1 was associated with the 1977-1978 outbreaks, type 2 in 1968,1969 and type 3 in 1963-1964
Epidemiology: Dengue infection in nature involves humans and Aedes aegypti mosquito. Aedes aegypti mosquito is the most important worldwide vector. When someone is infected by the Zika virus, he presents the clinical manifestions of dengue fever. Aedes aegypti mosquito bite humans and breeds in some collection of water such as cisterns and backyard litters. During outbreaks attack rate may be very high. In Puerto Rico, US Virgin islands, the overall rate of clinical illness was 20 per cent with infection rate as determined by serologic survey as high as 79 per cent. Dengue like illness were reported in Puerto Rico in 1978. Dengue was at some point confirmed in central America such Honduras and El Salvador.
Clinical manifestions: Dengue fever produces inapparent infections in humans. Three clinical patterns may be observed. We have: classical dengue, hemorrhagic dengue fever and a mild atypical form. The hemorrhagic type will be discussed later in Arbovirus diseases presenting chiefly with hemorrhagic manifestions.
Classical type: The classical type occurred in non invasive individuals specifically non indigenous adults and children. The incubation period is 5 to 8 days and is associated with conjunctivitis, or coryza followed by headache,retroorbital pain, backache specifically the lumbar area,legs and joints. Headache is aggravated by movement. Patients may have ocular soreness and pain while moving the eyes. They mayhave:photophobia,insomnia,epistaxis,skin rashes, A physical examination may reveal:scleral injection, epistaxis, non tender cervical,epitrochlear and inguinal lymphadenopathy,skin rashes that may be pruritic and end up with desquamation, vesicles over the soft palate. Cough is almost never seen. The patient may also have elevated temperature that lasts 3 to 6 days
Atypical syndrome includes fever, anorexia, headache,muyalgia, rashes, no lymphadenopathy. The course lasts usually less than 72 hours.
Laboratory: A patient may have leukopenia,neutropenia and occasionally albuminuria.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis is made by isolation of the virus.
Treatment: the treatment is symptomatic.
Prognosis: Mortality is nil.
Prevention: Control of mosquitoes.
We bring the disease to your attention because researchers take their time to discover a vaccine to control a mosquito borne disease living the mosquito population alone. Good public health intervention will justify that mosquito control together with vaccination is the perfect choice to control a mosquito borne disease.
Chikungunya is a mosquito borne virus that causes dengue like disease with hemorrhagic complications.
History of chikungunya: In 1952, an epidemic of a disease occurred in Tanzania, Which was given the name of chikungunya which means bends up (because of sudden onset of joint pains). A group A arborivus was isolated in 1956 both from serum of patients ill with the disease and from a pool of A aegypti mosquitoes. These A Aegypti mosquitoes is now known to be the vectors of the ZIKA virus. Chikungunya is responsible for a dengue- like illness in Africa,India. Southeast Asia. New Guinea,and Guam, as well as for mild form of hemorrhagic fever in Asiatic children. Outbreaks have been associated with high attack rate with as many as 80 per cent of inhabitants become ill. Human is the host. the mosquito Aedes Aegypti is the vector. Because the virus has been isolated From A Africanus and because the virus can be detected in chimpanzees, they may play a role in the natural cycle in Africa. I bring chikungunya to your attention because it is said that A Aegypti is also the vector of the ZIKA virus and the ZIKA virus is also known to cause chikungunya.
What are the clinical manifestations of chikungunya? A patient with chikungunya can have the following: fever, joint pain. The sites of involvement include knees, ankles, shoulders. wrists, and proximal inter-phalangeal joints. The patients may have muscle pain, rash, pharyngitis, swollen lymph nodes. The fever may last 1 to 6 days and the joints pain continue even though the patient has no fever. In some patients the pain may last up to 4 months. Laboratory: White cell count may be elevated. Urine analysis is normal. Because the disease is caused by a virus, there is no specific treatment. The pain is relieved by aspirin, tylenol,and other anti-imflammatories.
If you have been traveling to countries where the ZIKA virus infection is endemic and if you have been bitten by mosquitoes and if you have also the above clinical manifestations, please contact your primary physician.
What about the CDC weekly report: We have noted that there is still increase of ZIKA virus infection cases in US territories and it is reported that the cases of ZIKA virus infection is growing in foreign Countries mostly in south America and Latin America.
CDC report January 13, 2017
Pregnant women with any laboratory evidence of ZIKA virus infection
Source: Pregnancy Registries as of December 27,2016
US States and DC: 2,292
Zika virus Cases reported to Arbonet
Source: ArboNet January 11,2017
US States and DC:4,866
We advise our readers at WordPress to always go the the previous week report to understand the ZIKA epidemic in the US. if you need more information always visit CDC at http://www.cdc.gov/zika Saving lives and protecting people. Always remember that WordPress is always there to give you the latest. Please visit us at WordPress.com
Last week one of our readers at WordPress asked us about the history of the ZIKA virus. We have done some research. We are ready to answer this question. We will also continue to share with you the latest numbers from the Center For Disease Control and Prevention(CDC).
The ZIKA virus was first isolated from a rhesus monkey in Uganda and subsequently from wild mosquitoes. On the basis of some serologic surveys, it is said to infect humans in Nigeria. During an investigation of an outbreak of jaundice that was suspected of being yellow fever, physicians noted the ZIKA virus from one patient and noted that two others had neutralizing antibodies. The symptoms in these patients included fever:arthralgia and headache with rtetroorbital pain.Jaundice was first present in one and bile was demonstrated in the urine of another. Albuminuria was noted in one patient. Prothrombin were normal. The clinical symptoms appeared to be at that time yellow fever.( From Harrison’s Principles Internal Medicine)
Every week we will continue to give our readers at WordPress the answer of any questions you may have. Continue to visit us at WordPress. Now let us go back to our CDC Weekly report.
Let me just remind you that The Center For Disease Control is the only Government organization where we can find these accurate numbers.
Pregnant women with any laboratory evidence of ZIKA virus infection.
Source: Pregnancy Registries as of December 27, 2017
US States and DC:1,292
ZIKA virus cases reported to ArboNET
Source ArboNET as of January 4, 2017
US States And DC:4.835
US Territories: 35,152
We would like our followers to go back to the previous report to understand the epidemic. It is very slow but it is an epidemic. Unfortunately we cannot provide the updates of foreign countries at this time. Our plan is to go overseas, do somme research and report to CDC.
From the last report we had the following numbers:
Pregnant women with any Laboratory evidence of ZIKA virus infection:
US States and DC:1,246
ZIKA virus cases:
US States and DC:4,809
As soon as we have a latest up updates you will be the first to know them at WordPress. Please continue to visit us at wordpress.com
Mr. Jean Francois Saint-Elme just received from the Center For Disease Control(CDC) the latest updates about the Zika Virus Epidemic and he decides to share them to the people. Mosquitoes have been around since the beginning of the world and they have been causing diseases. In the Medical science, Researchers have been focusing on finding […]
via LATEST CDC UPDATES FROM THE CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL (CDC) SHARED TO THE PEOPLE BY JEAN F. SAINT-ELME, FOUNDER OF THE COMMUNITY UNITED FOR HEALTH AND PREVENTION(CUFHAP) — Community United For Health And Prevention
Mr. Jean Francois Saint-Elme is very happy to provide you the weekly updates about the ZIKA virus. This information is obtained from an email CDC sends to Mr.Saint-Elme at email@example.com. Mr. Saint-Elme is sharing this information to you keep you informed about the ZIKA virus. This information will be able to let you know that the ZIKA virus infection is still around in the US and around the World. The people of the United States of America are very lucky to have CDC to keep them updated and to provide them education and prevention. The point we, at the Community United For Health And Prevention,Incorporated want to make is that this mosquito borne disease is found in other countries of the world.
What is the Community United For Health And Prevention?
The Community United For Health And Prevention is doing business as cufhap. it is a non-profit public charity foundation with a 501(3) determination letter from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). We are located in Massachusetts.We are in compliance with the State of Massachusetts laws.We are in the process of applying with the US Government in order to go overseas and to provide our services. Since the infection comes from foreign countries, with the help of the US government and the support of the Government of Countries affected by the Zika Virus, we will be able to achieve our goals. Mosquitoes have been found to be vectors of many diseases, including the ZIKA virus infection. While the others scientists are working to found a vaccine, we are going after the Mosquitoes. We already design a project and we are ready to implement it.We have to be in compliance of the US laws.
Mission:We are dedicated to the belief that everyone supposes to be in good spirits, in good faith, in good health. We intend to create an atmosphere of healthy community. We will do that by providing good health education program and by creating activities that would make each neighborhood involved in order to make the community clean, safe and healthy.
Goals: Our Goals are to develop strategies to prevent the spread of diseases.
Philosophy: Our philosophy is to treat everyone with dignity and respect regardless of age, sex, race, religion, ethnic background,socio-economic status. disabilities, and sexual orientation. We will do that by offering services to high risk behavior population in order to reduce this incidence and the spread of disease. These services will be provided by an array of health professionals,community organizers, health educators and volunteers. We will do our best to be an asset to the community.
Let us provide you the latest about the ZIKA virus from CDC. When we are overseas, we will be able to do some research and we will provide to CDC what is happening in foreign countries.
ZIKA virus updates For December 23,2016
Source: Pregnant women with any Laboratory evidence of ZIKA virus infection
US States and DC:1,246
Zika virus cases reported to ArboNET.
US States and DC:4,756
From the experience we have in the US Medicine, Public and Nursing, we can say that the US is a country of high sophisticated medical services but despite good health education and prevention the number is still slowly growing. We have to remember that the infection did not start in the US.It starts in foreign Countries. let us compare.
Last week The results are as follow:
Source:Pregnant women with any Laboratories evidence of ZIKA virus infection
US States AND DC:1.172
ZIKA virus cases reported to ArboNET
US States and DC:4,617
US Territories: 34,268
We will continue to update you about the latest on ZIKA virus. If you need more information, please visit http://www.cdc.gov/zika. If you feel the updates are necessary, you can visit us at WordPress, google, Facebook and tweeter. Our blog is at WordPress.
Every week CDC ( Center For Diseases Control) sends via email the weekly ZIKA virus updates to Jean Francois Saint-Elme,Founder of the Community United For Health And Prevention incorporated doing business as CUFHAP. Mrs Saint-Elme shares part of this updates to the people using the Community United For Health And Prevention. We are going to continue the same procedure until CDC writes a letter to Mr. Jean Francois Saint-Elme stating that this cannot be done. Both CDC and CUFHAP are working to educate the people about how to prevent the spread of the ZIKA epidemic in the United States and abroad. The Center For Disease Control(CDC)is so far the only Government Organization able to share to the people of the United States and the people abroad the latest statistics about the ZIKA virus epidemic. The goals of the Community United For Health And Prevention are to go overseas in order to follow the foot steps of CDC. We will report to CDC when we are operating abroad.
ZIKA Updates for December 16,2016
Pregnant women with any Laboratory evidence of ZIKA virus infection
Source: Pregnancy Registries as of November 30,2016
United States and DC:1,172
ZIKA Virus Cases reported to arboNET
Source: ArboNET as of December 14,2016
US States and DC:4,617
The point the Community United For Health And Prevention wants to make is that we are still observing a small increase of new cases despite the education provided in the US.What about the Countries where there is no education and prevention? This is why, we, the Community United For Health And Prevention, Incorporated are going abroad to help. If you need more information, please visit:https://www.cdc.gov/zika. You can also visit us at https://cufhapwordpress.com. We are also sharing with twitter, google and Facebook. Our blog is at WordPress.
The Community United For Health And Prevention doing business as CUFHAP welcome the Strategies of the World Heath Organization and the Pan American Organization to go after the mosquitoes in order to decrease the incidence of the ZIKA virus epidemic and other mosquito borne diseases. The Community United For Health And Prevention has already developed strategies to kill the mosquitoes. We will have to work together to reach the best solution. Brazil has already started a mosquito control without to much success. The direction of the Community United For Health And Prevention would like to remind to World Health Organization that the Mosquitoes can fly. All interventions have to be done at the same time to prevent invasion of Mosquitoes in neighboring Countries. The Community United For Health And Prevention, a United States- Massachusetts entity has already a plan ready to be implemented. To Achieve our Goals that is mosquito control, a team work is necessary. For more information contact us at https:// wordpress.com or you can reach us at firstname.lastname@example.org
WordPress will always be there to provide you the latest.